Sunday, May 20, 2018

... about lego style validation

2018-05-01 about doing lego style validation.md

tl;dr: With functional programming, you can define reusable validation rules and a way to combine and chain them. For this you can make use of existing libraries or grow your own.

Validating a person form

Take the following example:

We want to validate a web form with person data. More specifically we have fields like firstName, lastName, age and email.

public class PersonForm {
    public final String firstName;
    public final String lastName;
    public final String email;
    public final String age;
}

The incoming data arrives in our system as a bunch of strings and we wrap them in a DTO called PersonForm.

Below are the validation rules defined by the business:

  1. The first name should not be blank.
  2. The last name should not be blank.
  3. The email should not be blank.
  4. The email should contain a '@'
  5. The age should be an integer.
  6. The age should be between 0 and 100 (my apologies for all those centenarians but this web form is not for you).
  7. The person should not be known in our database based on the first and last name.

Because we only foresee a certain column width in our database, there's some more rules we can define:

  1. The first name cannot be larger than 250 characters.
  2. The last name cannot be larger than 250 characters.
  3. The email cannot be larger than 100 characters.

Oh and finally one implicit rule:

  1. We want to find as much validation violations as possible in one form submit. If we violate rule 1 and 2, we want to get a notification of both violations.

When all validation rules succeed, we want to construct a fully validated Person object like the one below:

public class Person {
    public final PersonName name;
    public final Email email;
    public final Integer age;
    ...
}

This Value Object contains a name field wrapping the first and last name in a PersonName value object.

Dependencies

Looking at the rules above, you can tell there's some dependencies between them:

  • we should only check rule 4 if rule 3 succeeds.
  • we should only check rule 6 if rule 5 succeeds.
  • we should only check rule 7 once both rule 1 and 2 succeed.
  • we should only check rule 8 if rule 1 succeeds.
  • we should only check rule 9 if rule 2 succeeds.
  • we should only check rule 10 if rule 3 succeeds.

Those dependencies can be visualised in a flow like the one below:

 Rules:  firstname lastname  email age  
             1        2        3    5  
             |        |       /\    |  
             8        9      4  10  6     
              \      /       \  /   |  
               \    /          /   /  
                 7           /   /  
                  \        /   /
                    \    /   /
                      \ |  / 
                        11

An imperative approach

If we would take an imperative approach those dependencies would be modeled using if/else statements because we wouldn't have a built-in mechanism for describing dependencies between validation rules. Each if/else statement is a potential source of bugs. At least for me. I'm still struggling with boolean logic.

You can find an implementation below or you can see it on github

    public List<String> validate(PersonForm value) {
        List<String> errors = Lists.newArrayList();
        if (isBlank(value.lastName))
            errors.add("Last name is required");
        if (isNotBlank(value.lastName) && value.lastName.length() >= 250)
            errors.add("Last name cannot be more than 250 characters");

        if (isBlank(value.firstName))
            errors.add("First name is required");
        if (isNotBlank(value.firstName) && value.firstName.length() >= 250)
            errors.add("First name cannot be more than 250 characters");

        if (isNotBlank(value.lastName) && isNotBlank(value.firstName)) {
            PersonName pName = new PersonName(value.firstName, value.lastName);

            if (userRepo.findIdBy(pName).isPresent()) {
                errors.add("Person already exists");
            }
        }

        if (isBlank(value.email))
            errors.add("Email is required");
        if (isNotBlank(value.email) && !value.email.contains("@"))
            errors.add("Email should contain an @");
        if (isNotBlank(value.email) && value.email.length() >= 100)
            errors.add("Email cannot be more than 100 characters");

        if (value.age != null && Ints.tryParse(value.age) == null)
            errors.add("Age must be an integer");
        if (value.age != null && Ints.tryParse(value.age) != null &&
                (Ints.tryParse(value.age) < 0 || Ints.tryParse(value.age) > 100))
            errors.add("Age must be between 0 and 100");

        return errors;
    }

The implementation is a mine field. You can improve this code and make it prettier by introducing builders and validators. You can create NameValidators, EmailValidators and AgeValidators to encapsulate and hide the nasty looking parts. However, somewhere you will need to use that if/else statement for every dependency to guard against NPE's and other exceptions.

Modeling dependencies

If we want to model dependencies between validations, we need 3 things:

  1. We need to encapsulate the effect of a validation rule that is either failing or succeeding.
  2. We need to be able to chain validation rules. When a previous rule succeeds the next rule should fire. When the previous fails, we shouldn't bother running the next rule.
  3. We need to be able to combine 2 or more validation rules. They should all succeed but when they don't, all validation errors should be accumulated from all failing rules.

1. Effectful validation

Lets take the first step.

We want to capture the result of a validation rule into some type. We call it Validation and it can contain either an error message OR a succeeding value, but never both. We don't know what the type of the error message or succeeding value will look like so we use generics to model them:

public class Validation<E, T> {
    private final E e;
    private final T t;
    ...
}

You can construct a succeeding validation using the following factory method..

public static <E, T> Validation<E, T> success(final T t) {...}

and a failing validation using ...

public static <E, T> Validation<E, T> fail(final E e) {...}

So far so good.

We can now create a generic method checking for blank strings like below:

static Validation<List<String>, String> required(Field target, String value) {
    return isBlank(value) ?
            Validation.fail(newArrayList(target.value + " can not be empty.")) :
            Validation.success(value);
}

To give a more useful error message, we add a Field argument that will give us the name of the field to validate against. Field is an enumeration of all possible targets to validated against. That way, we can call required(Field.FIRST_NAME, value.firstName) and reuse the same method when calling required(Field.EMAIL, value.email). When the first call leads to a failing validation, the error message will be: First name can not be empty. When the second call returns a failing validation, the error message will be: Email can not be empty.

The result is a Validation that is either failed or successful.

We can do the same for all the other validation rules like a method for checking the max length, for checking if an input field is an integer, for checking if a string contains a '@', etc... We'll end up with a number of static methods that all return a Validation and that can be unit tested in isolation. You can see an implementation here on github.

But we still don't have a way to combine the results.

2. Chaining validations

Chaining validations means we need to specify that a validation only needs to be run if a previous validation succeeds. We can do this by adding a method on our Validation class called chain.

public <A> Validation<E, A> chain(Function<T, Validation<E, A>> f) {...}

Our validation of E or T is chained by giving it a function from T to another validation of E or A. The function takes the success value of the current validation and returns a new validation. It's only called when the current validation is successful. The result is a validation of E or A.

3. Combining validations

Not only, do we want to chain validations, we also want to combine them. This means we take 2 Validations and return a new Validation that only succeeds when both succeed.

public static <E, A, B, C> Validation<E, C> combine(
            Validation<E, A> first,
            Validation<E, B> second,
            BiFunction<E,E,E> combineErrors,
            BiFunction<A, B, C> combineSuccesses
    ) {...}

That's a lot of generics! Let's take it step by step:

You want to combine a validation of either E or A with a validation of either E or B. The failing side should have the same type but the success side could be a different type. F.e. we could combine a Validation<String, String> with a Validation<String, Integer>.

To be able to safely combine these 2 validations, we need to provide two more arguments:

  1. we need to tell our method how to combine 2 errors of type E into a new E.
  2. we need to tell our method how to combine the success values of both validations: A and B into a new type C.

Validating with dependencies

Now that we have a way to model dependencies, let's take a look at how we can use them to validate our person form using the validation rules we defined before.

Validating the first name looks like this:

Validation<List<String>, String> firstNameVal =
        required(FIRSTNAME, value.firstName)
                .chain(s ->
                        maxLength(250, FIRSTNAME, s)
                );

Here we chain the first rule that says the input is required with the rule that says it can't be larger then 250 characters.

The validation for the last name is similar:

Validation<List<String>, String> lastNameVal =
        required(LASTNAME, value.lastName)
                .chain(s ->
                        maxLength(250, LASTNAME, s)
                );

We can combine both results into a new validation that yields a PersonName if both are successful or accumulates the error messages if not. Finally it also checks against existing users:

Validation<List<String>, PersonName> nameVal =
        combine(
                firstNameVal,
                lastNameVal, combineErrors, PersonName::new
        ).chain(nm ->
                doesNotExistInUserRepo(userRepo, nm)
        );

We can do similar validations for email and age and finally combine all validations into 1 validation result that either returns all our validation errors or a validated Person object:

    public Validation<List<String>, Person> validate(PersonForm value) {

        Validation<List<String>, String> firstNameVal = ...
        Validation<List<String>, String> lastNameVal = ...
        Validation<List<String>, PersonName> nameVal = ...
        Validation<List<String>, Email> emailVal = ...
        Validation<List<String>, Integer> ageVal = ...

        return combine(
                nameVal,
                emailVal,
                ageVal,
                combineErrors, Person::new
        );
    }

You can find a complete implementation here on github.

Abstracting away validation rules

Ok, what we achieved now is that the result of our validation rule can be composed with the result of other validation rules. Instead of composing the result of the rules, we can also try to compose the rules.

Lets define a validation rule as something that takes some value and returns a Validation like the following:

(A) -> Validation<List<String>, B>

Because we also need some more context to construct our error message, we also want to pass the Field together with the input value. This way we know if the validation rule is targeting the first name, the last name, the email or the age. What we end up is the following:

@FunctionalInterface
public interface ValidationRule<A, B> {
    
    Validation<List<String>, B> validate(A value, Field target);
}

A ValidationRule for A and B is some function that takes an A and a Field and returns a Validation of either a list of errors or a B.

As we did with Validation, we can also define methods like chain and combine to compose validation rules:

@FunctionalInterface
public interface ValidationRule<A, B> {

    Validation<List<String>, B> validate(A value, Field target);


    default <C> ValidationRule<A, C> map(Function<B, C> f) {...}

    default <C> ValidationRule<A, C> chain(ValidationRule<B, C> other) {...}

    default <C, RESULT> ValidationRule<A, RESULT> combine(
            ValidationRule<A, C> other, 
            BiFunction<B, C, RESULT> composeResult) {...}
    ...
}

Because we fixed the error type of the validation result to be a list of strings, the signatures of our methods become simpler.

We can now rewrite methods that validate for blank fields, max length, integer range, etc into ValidationRules like below:

ValidationRule<String, String> required = (value, target) ->
        isBlank(value) ?
            Validation.fail(newArrayList(target.value + " can not be empty.")) :
            Validation.success(value);

With these building blocks in place, we can simplify our validation rules a little:

public Validation<List<String>, Person> validate(PersonForm value) {
    
        Validation<List<String>, String> firstNameVal = required
                .chain(maxLength(250))
                .validate(value.firstName, FIRSTNAME);

        Validation<List<String>, String> lastNameVal = ...

        Validation<List<String>, PersonName> nameVal = 
            Validation.combine(
                   firstNameVal ,
                   lastNameVal,
                   combineErrors, PersonName::new)
                   .chain(this::doesNotExistInUserRepo);

        Validation<List<String>, Email> emailVal = ...

        Validation<List<String>, Integer> ageVal = ...
        
        return Validation.combine(
                nameVal,
                emailVal,
                ageVal,
                combineErrors,
                Person::new
        );
}

The only remaining problem is that the each piece of our validation resolves into a Validation object. When we want to combine the validation of first name with the last name f.i., we're still juggling with Validations instead of ValidationRules.

It would be easier if each part would resolve into a ValidationRule instead. But to combine 2 validation rules they need to have the same input value and that is definitely not the case for the first and last name.

So instead of having a ValidationRule<String, String>, we would need a ValidationRule<PersonForm,String> for both the first name and last name.

Let's add a final method:

@FunctionalInterface
public interface ValidationRule<A, B> {

    Validation<List<String>, B> validate(A value, Field target);
    
    ...
    default <FROM> ValidationRule<FROM, B> from(Function<FROM, A> extractor, Field target)
}

The method from is applied to a rule from A to B and returns a new rule from FROM to B with the help of a function that tells the method how to go from FROM to A.

With this extra functionality, our validation code can be simplified like the following:

public Validation<List<String>, Person> validate(PersonForm value) {

    ValidationRule<PersonForm, String> firstNameRule =
            required
                    .chain(maxLength(250))
                    .from(f -> f.firstName, FIRSTNAME);

    ValidationRule<PersonForm, String> lastNameRule =
            required
                    .chain(maxLength(250))
                    .from(f -> f.lastName, LASTNAME);

    ValidationRule<PersonForm, PersonName> nameRule =
            combine(firstNameRule, lastNameRule, PersonName::new)
                    .chain(doesNotExistInUserRepo(userRepo));

    ValidationRule<PersonForm, Email> emailRule =
            required
                    .chain(
                            combine(
                                    maxLength(100),
                                    containing("@"), takeFirst
                            )
                    )
                    .map(Email::new)
                    .from(f -> f.email, EMAIL);

    ValidationRule<PersonForm, Integer> ageRule =
            optionalOr(isInteger.chain(between(0, 100)))
                    .map(optionalAge -> optionalAge.orElse(null))
                    .from(f -> f.age, AGE);

    ValidationRule<PersonForm, Person> personRule =
            combine(
                    nameRule,
                    emailRule,
                    ageRule,
                    Person::new
            );

    return personRule
            .validate(value, FORM);
}

You can find the full code on github.

We've come a long way from our initial imperative approach to a more functional style. The latter focuses on ways to compose validation rules and allows us to express what rules we want to chain and combine. Each rule can be broken down into pieces that only do 1 thing that allow you to test them in isolation. Once you have all the necessary validation rules in place, you can express their dependencies by chaining and combining them.

It also shows that you don't need to use a functional language to do this sort of things though it might certainly help.

Alternative validations

I didn't invent the Validation object. It's a recurring theme in FP and several implementations are available in functional libraries. If you want to use this type of validation, you should take an implementation from one of those libraries instead of copying this one.They have more functionality and will be better tested.

Below we will look at some:

Functional java

The implementation I used was taken and adapted from a library called Functional java. The difference with my code is mainly in the naming of the methods which are far more correct from a functional point of view. Instead of Validation.chain they use Validation.bind and instead of Validation.combine, they use Validation.accumulate.

You can see an implementation here on github but it's not that different from the previous solution.

VAVR

You can find another implementation of Validation in a library called vavr (previously named javaslang before they met with the legal department of Oracle).

The ideas are the same but the naming is a bit different. Validation.chain is called Validation.flatmap and Validation.combine uses a builder pattern that you must resolve back to a validation type.

You can find an example here on github.

Arrow

Arrow is a functional library for Kotlin. Kotlin isn't java and has certain powers that java doesn't have like typealiases and extension functions that make it easier to do functional programming.

Arrow has a data type called Validated that we can use in our validation rules:

class ValidationRule<A, B>(val run: (A, Field) -> Validated<Nel<String>, B>) {
    ...
}    

Here we define a class called ValidationRule with 2 generic parameters A and B. It takes a function as the argument in its constructor that takes an A and a Field and returns a Validated of Nel<String> or B.

Nel<String> is an alias for NonEmptyList<String> which is like List<String> except that you cannot create an empty one.

Using Nel instead of a regular List as our error type makes sense because you can't create a failed validation without any error messages. It would be a bug to return a failed validation and not have an error message. There's just no way we can create an empty Nel and if we would, the compiler would prevent that.

Inside our ValidationRule class we can define the same methods as before:

class ValidationRule<A, B>(val run: (A, Field) -> Validated<Nel<String>, B>) {

    fun <C> map(f: (B) -> C): ValidationRule<A, C> = ...

    fun <C> andThen(f: ValidationRule<B, C>): ValidationRule<A, C> = ...

    fun <C> from(newTarget: Field, f: (C) -> A): ValidationRule<C, B> = ...

    companion object {
        fun <A, B, C> tupled(
                first: ValidationRule<A, B>,
                second: ValidationRule<A, C>): ValidationRule<A, Tuple2<B, C>> = ...

        fun <A, B, C, D> tupled(
                first: ValidationRule<A, B>,
                second: ValidationRule<A, C>,
                third: ValidationRule<A, D>): ValidationRule<A, Tuple3<B, C, D>> = ...
    }
}

Armed with these methods and a number of basic validation rule building blocks, we can implement our validation logic as follows:

    fun validate(value: PersonForm): Validated<Nel<String>, Person> {

        val firstNameRule: ValidationRule<PersonForm, String> =
                required
                        .andThen(maxLength(250))
                        .from(Field.FIRSTNAME) { pf: PersonForm -> pf.firstName }

        val lastNameRule: ValidationRule<PersonForm, String> =
                required
                        .andThen(maxLength(250))
                        .from(Field.LASTNAME) { pf: PersonForm -> pf.lastName }

        val nameRule: ValidationRule<PersonForm, PersonName> =
                tupled(firstNameRule, lastNameRule)
                        .map { PersonName(it.a, it.b) }
                        .andThen(doesNotExistInUserRepo(userRepo))

        val emailRule: ValidationRule<PersonForm, Email> =
                required
                        .andThen(tupled(
                                maxLength(100),
                                containing("@")
                        ).map { it.a }
                        )
                        .map { Email(it) }
                        .from(Field.EMAIL) { pf: PersonForm -> pf.email }

        val ageRule: ValidationRule<PersonForm, Int?> =
                optionalOr(
                        isInteger.andThen(between(0, 100))
                )
                        .map { it.orNull() }
                        .from(Field.AGE) { pf: PersonForm -> pf.age }

        val personRule: ValidationRule<PersonForm, Person> =
                tupled(
                        nameRule,
                        emailRule,
                        ageRule
                ).map { Person(it.a, it.b, it.c) }

        return personRule
                .run(value, Field.FORM)
    }

You can find the full implementation on github.

The higher kinded way

Arrow defines type classes like Functor, Applicative and Monad and data types like Validated and NonEmptyList that instantiate those type classes. This allows you to use all functions defined for those type classes in your own data type.

I could have done the same with my ValidationRule and define instances of Functor (mapping over success values), Applicative (combining rules) and Monad (chaining rules). However, in this blog post, I didn't want to focus on the implementation too much - it might end up in its own blog post.

Instead I rather wanted to focus on the power those 2 methods - chain and combine - gives us when combining rules and expressing dependencies between them.

Greetings

Jan

Monday, April 17, 2017

... about simple vs easy

The following is a list of 10 easy things:

  1. Caching results of a method using JSR-107's @CacheResult annotation.
  2. Automatic transaction handling with Spring's @Transactional annotation.
  3. Using JSR-303's annotations for validating POJO's.
  4. Using hibernate for inserting or loading data to/from the database
  5. Injecting fields in services using JSR-330's @Inject or Spring's @Autowired annotations.
  6. Automatically creating Spring beans using component scanning.
  7. Automatic permission checking using Spring Security's @PreAuthorize.
  8. Implementing service locators using Spring's ServiceLocatorFactoryBean.
  9. Implementing repositories using Spring data.
  10. Automatic project configuration using Spring boot.

The following is a list of 10 simple things:
  1. Keeping a cache using Guava's cache
  2. Starting and committing transactions using Spring's TransactionTemplate.
  3. Validating POJO's by adding a validate method and implementing all the validation logic you need.
  4. Using Spring's JdbcTemplate to insert and select data to/from the database.
  5. Creating services using the new keyword and putting the dependencies in private final fields.
  6. Explicitly registering every Spring bean in @Configuration config files. 
  7. Permission checking by explicitly looking up the permission in Spring Security's SecurityContext, passed as an extra argument or by looking it up in the SecurityContextHolder.
  8. Manually creating a service locator that keeps a registry of services.
  9. Implementing repositories by ... implementing them.
  10. Configuring your application by carefully choosing the dependencies your application needs and configuring them manually.

I like simple things. I dislike easy things. 

Easy things look simple but that's only in the beginning. It doesn't take long until they become complicated. 

Simple things require more effort - that's why they're not in the easy list - but they remain simple to read and understand. 

Aim for simple. Shy away from easy.

Greetings
Jan

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

... about the perils of using the 'first' operator in rxJava

RxJava is a wonderful tool to do computation logic and stream processing. However, it sometimes behaves in unexpected ways. One of these will be discussed below:


first and single operator

According to the javadoc, first turns an observable into one that only returns 1 element and then terminates.

There's a similar operator called single. The difference is that the latter expects the source observable to only emit 1 item:
So, use first when you don't care how many items the source observable will emit. Otherwise use single.

When abstractions leak

However, they behave different when you add doOnCompleted, doOnTerminate and doAfterTerminate to the mix. These operators allow you to do some side effects after the last item has been emitted.

The following code will print "onCompleted called":
   Observable.just(1)
        .doOnCompleted(() -> System.out.println("onCompleted called") )
        .single()
        .subscribe()


The next code won't:
   Observable.just(1)
        .doOnCompleted(() -> System.out.println("onCompleted called") )
        .first()
        .subscribe()


The next example will:
   Observable.just(1)
        .first()
        .doOnCompleted(() -> System.out.println("onCompleted called") )
        .subscribe()


So, you will get different behavior depending on where you put doOnCompleted and if you use single or first.

The reason why first behaves unexpectedly is because it unsubscribes from the source observable ones it receives the first element. As a consequence the source observable never has the opportunity to signal completion. As a result, an upstream doOnCompleted handler is never called while a downstream doOnCompleted handler is.

By contrast, single will wait until it receives the completion signal from the source observable allowing upstream doOnCompleted handlers to be called.

Greetings
Jan

Sunday, February 19, 2017

... about keeping your stacktraces small

When developing an application, we often rely on logfiles to have a sense of what's going on. When an error occurs, we make sure the error is logged together with the stacktrace of the thread. The stacktrace gives us valuable information to pinpoint the problem.

At least ... that's how it used to be, before we started passing functions around and building layer upon layer. 

Below is an example of a stacktrace thrown during the handling of a request in a web container using spring mvc and rxJava:
com.mycompany.error.ValidationException: Validation failed
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkArgument(UploadValidator.java:103)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkExtension(UploadValidator.java:97)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkCsvExtension(UploadValidator.java:89)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.validateCsvFile(UploadValidator.java:46)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.validate(UploadValidator.java:38)
        at rx.internal.util.ActionObserver.onNext(ActionObserver.java:39)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach$DoOnEachSubscriber.onNext(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:96)
        at rx.internal.util.ScalarSynchronousObservable$WeakSingleProducer.request(ScalarSynchronousObservable.java:276)
        at rx.Subscriber.setProducer(Subscriber.java:211)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap$MapSubscriber.setProducer(OnSubscribeMap.java:102)
        at rx.Subscriber.setProducer(Subscriber.java:205)
        at rx.internal.util.ScalarSynchronousObservable$JustOnSubscribe.call(ScalarSynchronousObservable.java:138)
        at rx.internal.util.ScalarSynchronousObservable$JustOnSubscribe.call(ScalarSynchronousObservable.java:129)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:30)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.subscribe(Observable.java:10296)
        at rx.Observable.subscribe(Observable.java:10263)
        at rx.Observable.subscribe(Observable.java:10038)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadController.upload(UploadController.java:213)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
        at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.doInvoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:220)
        at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:134)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:116)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:827)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:738)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:85)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:963)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doPost(FrameworkServlet.java:872)
        at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:754)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846)
        at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:847)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:295)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter.doFilterInternal(HiddenHttpMethodFilter.java:77)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)
        at org.springframework.web.multipart.support.MultipartFilter.doFilterInternal(MultipartFilter.java:122)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:317)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.invoke(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:127)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.doFilter(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:91)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:114)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:137)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.java:111)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.servletapi.SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.java:170)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.savedrequest.RequestCacheAwareFilter.doFilter(RequestCacheAwareFilter.java:63)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.www.BasicAuthenticationFilter.doFilterInternal(BasicAuthenticationFilter.java:215)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.preauth.AbstractPreAuthenticatedProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractPreAuthenticatedProcessingFilter.java:121)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:116)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.CorsFilter.doFilterInternal(CorsFilter.java:96)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.header.HeaderWriterFilter.doFilterInternal(HeaderWriterFilter.java:64)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:105)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.context.request.async.WebAsyncManagerIntegrationFilter.doFilterInternal(WebAsyncManagerIntegrationFilter.java:56)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilterInternal(FilterChainProxy.java:214)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:177)
        at org.springframework.security.web.debug.DebugFilter.invokeWithWrappedRequest(DebugFilter.java:90)
        at org.springframework.security.web.debug.DebugFilter.doFilter(DebugFilter.java:77)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:346)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:262)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:197)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:231)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:149)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:150)
        at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:97)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:102)
        at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:344)
        at org.apache.coyote.ajp.AjpProcessor.process(AjpProcessor.java:490)
        at org.apache.coyote.ajp.AjpProtocol$AjpConnectionHandler.process(AjpProtocol.java:422)
        at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:926)
        at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: rx.exceptions.OnErrorThrowable$OnNextValue: OnError while emitting onNext value: com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadContext.class
        at rx.exceptions.OnErrorThrowable.addValueAsLastCause(OnErrorThrowable.java:109)
        at rx.exceptions.Exceptions.throwOrReport(Exceptions.java:190)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach$DoOnEachSubscriber.onNext(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:98)
        ... 136 common frames omitted

It's horrific! 

Most of it doesn't tell you anything about what's going wrong. Most of it are frames from spring security, spring mvc, rxJava , container it's running on and method invocations through reflection as shown below: 
com.mycompany.error.ValidationException: Validation failed
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkArgument(UploadValidator.java:103)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkExtension(UploadValidator.java:97)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkCsvExtension(UploadValidator.java:89)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.validateCsvFile(UploadValidator.java:46)
        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.validate(UploadValidator.java:38)
        at rx.internal.util.ActionObserver.onNext(ActionObserver.java:39)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach$DoOnEachSubscriber.onNext(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:96)
        at rx.internal.util.ScalarSynchronousObservable$WeakSingleProducer.request(ScalarSynchronousObservable.java:276)
        at rx.Subscriber.setProducer(Subscriber.java:211)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap$MapSubscriber.setProducer(OnSubscribeMap.java:102)
        at rx.Subscriber.setProducer(Subscriber.java:205)
        at rx.internal.util.ScalarSynchronousObservable$JustOnSubscribe.call(ScalarSynchronousObservable.java:138)
        at rx.internal.util.ScalarSynchronousObservable$JustOnSubscribe.call(ScalarSynchronousObservable.java:129)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeMap.call(OnSubscribeMap.java:33)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.unsafeSubscribe(Observable.java:10200)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:41)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach.call(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:30)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:30)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:48)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeLift.call(OnSubscribeLift.java:30)
        at rx.Observable.subscribe(Observable.java:10296)
        at rx.Observable.subscribe(Observable.java:10263)
        at rx.Observable.subscribe(Observable.java:10038)

        at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadController.upload(UploadController.java:213)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)

        at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.doInvoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:220)
        at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:134)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:116)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:827)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:738)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:85)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:963)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doPost(FrameworkServlet.java:872)

        at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:754)
        at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846)
        at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:847)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:295)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)

        at org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter.doFilterInternal(HiddenHttpMethodFilter.java:77)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)

        at org.springframework.web.multipart.support.MultipartFilter.doFilterInternal(MultipartFilter.java:122)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)

        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:317)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.invoke(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:127)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.doFilter(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:91)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:114)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:137)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.java:111)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.servletapi.SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.java:170)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.savedrequest.RequestCacheAwareFilter.doFilter(RequestCacheAwareFilter.java:63)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.www.BasicAuthenticationFilter.doFilterInternal(BasicAuthenticationFilter.java:215)

        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.preauth.AbstractPreAuthenticatedProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractPreAuthenticatedProcessingFilter.java:121)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:116)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)

        at org.springframework.web.filter.CorsFilter.doFilterInternal(CorsFilter.java:96)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.header.HeaderWriterFilter.doFilterInternal(HeaderWriterFilter.java:64)

        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:105)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.context.request.async.WebAsyncManagerIntegrationFilter.doFilterInternal(WebAsyncManagerIntegrationFilter.java:56)

        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:331)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilterInternal(FilterChainProxy.java:214)
        at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:177)
        at org.springframework.security.web.debug.DebugFilter.invokeWithWrappedRequest(DebugFilter.java:90)
        at org.springframework.security.web.debug.DebugFilter.doFilter(DebugFilter.java:77)

        at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:346)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:262)

        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)

        at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:197)
        at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)

        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:246)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:214)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:231)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:149)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:150)
        at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:97)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:102)
        at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:344)
        at org.apache.coyote.ajp.AjpProcessor.process(AjpProcessor.java:490)
        at org.apache.coyote.ajp.AjpProtocol$AjpConnectionHandler.process(AjpProtocol.java:422)
        at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:926)

        at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: rx.exceptions.OnErrorThrowable$OnNextValue: OnError while emitting onNext value: com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadContext.class
        at rx.exceptions.OnErrorThrowable.addValueAsLastCause(OnErrorThrowable.java:109)
        at rx.exceptions.Exceptions.throwOrReport(Exceptions.java:190)
        at rx.internal.operators.OnSubscribeDoOnEach$DoOnEachSubscriber.onNext(OnSubscribeDoOnEach.java:98)

        ... 136 common frames omitted
All parts marked in colour don't give me any clues about why something fails. They only obscur the real problem. 

Luckily there's a poorly documented feature in logback that allows you to filter out those frames matching a certain prefix. Here's an example of a logback configuration filtering out the frames I'm not interested in: 
<configuration scan="true">
   <contextName>myApp</contextName>

   <appender name="CONSOLE" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.classic.encoder.PatternLayoutEncoder">
            <Pattern>%d{dd/MM/yyyy HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n%rootException{full
                ,rx
                ,sun.reflect
                ,java.lang.reflect
                ,org.apache.catalina
                ,org.apache.coyote
                ,org.apache.tomcat
                ,org.springframework.web.method
                ,org.springframework.web.filter
                ,org.springframework.security.web
                }</Pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>


    <root level="WARN">
        <appender-ref ref="CONSOLE"/>
    </root>

</configuration>
The horrific stacktrace from above is now reduced to the following:
com.mycompany.error.ValidationException: Validation failed         at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkArgument(UploadValidator.java:103)         at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkExtension(UploadValidator.java:97)         at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.checkCsvExtension(UploadValidator.java:89)         at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.validateCsvFile(UploadValidator.java:46)         at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadValidator.validate(UploadValidator.java:38)         at com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadController.upload(UploadController.java:213)         at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:963)         at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897)         at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970)         at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doPost(FrameworkServlet.java:872)         at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:754)         at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846)         at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:847)         at org.springframework.web.multipart.support.MultipartFilter.doFilterInternal(MultipartFilter.java:122)         at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) Caused by: rx.exceptions.OnErrorThrowable$OnNextValue: OnError while emitting onNext value: com.mycompany.upload.web.UploadContext.class         ... 136 common frames omitted
Much easier to read, much faster to diagnose. Greetings Jan